Australia’s Top Cities: What to Expect





State: South Australia

Population: 1.2 million

Top tertiary institutions: University of Adelaide, University of South Australia, Flinders University

Adelaide has a distinctly English feel, with its Anglican churches and more formal manners (compared to other cities in Australia). It is a peaceful city with beaches and hills nearby, and it is also famous for its music and arts festivals—it calls itself the festival city!

Its winters are quite cold as Adelaide is in the south of the country, but its summers are hot—often topping the Australian temperature charts!


State: Queensland

Population: 2 million

Top tertiary institutions: University of Queensland, Griffith University, Queensland University of Technology

Brisbane is the capital of the sunshine state: Queensland. The beach and the sea plays a central part in coastal Queensland life, and some of Australia’s best beaches are not far away. Although not as diverse as Melbourne or Sydney, Brisbane is Australia’s third largest city, so there is still a lot of cultural variety. It’s a chilled out and lively city. 

Brisbane’s climate is humid and tropical—winters are warm, and summers are hot and sticky.



State: Australian Capital Territory

Population: 350,000

Top tertiary institutions: Australian National University, University of Canberra, Canberra Institute of Technology

Australia’s capital is home to the parliament and some of the best educational institutions in the country. It’s a small and quiet city, and certainly not ‘fashionable’ like neighbouring Sydney or Melbourne, but has its own peaceful charms. There are lots of great places to eat, excellent cultural attractions, and plenty of outdoor activities on the city’s doorstep.

The winters are very cold and foggy, with temperatures often below zero. The summers are dry and hot. 


State: Tasmania

Population: 205,000

Top tertiary institutions: University of Tasmania 

Hobart, as the capital of the island of Tasmania (which sits right at the bottom of Australia), is often overlooked. But in the last few years, the culture of the city has been gaining confidence, and it is now home to some of the best arts and food in the country. Hobart’s a small city and a lot of people are choosing to live and visit here as a peaceful alternative to the busyness of Australia’s other major cities.

The climate is cool and wet, with cold winters and mild summers.


 State: Victoria

Population: 4 million

Top tertiary institutions: University of Melbourne, Monash University, RMIT University, Deakin University, Swinburne University of Technology, La Trobe University, Victoria University, Melbourne Polytechnic 

Melbourne is Australia’s second city, and considers itself Sydney’s rival in all matters—although its residents are confident that they have the superior cultural scene! Melbourne is very multicultural, with particularly large Italian and Greek communities, meaning that there are many excellent restaurants. A river runs through the central city, and the beach isn’t far away, making it a very picturesque place.

Melbourne’s weather is famously changeable—residents say it’s possible to experience all four seasons in one day! Summers can be very hot, and winters wet and cold.


State: Western Australia

Population: 1.8 million

Top tertiary institutions: University of Western Australia, Curtin University, Edith Cowan University, Murdoch University 

The capital of Western Australia is the most isolated city in the world! It’s several hours’ flight even from other Australian cities. This gives its own distinctive character and culture. Perth has grown a lot in recent years because of a mining boom in the state. It is a popular place for new immigrants to Australia to settle, and has a lot of brand new buildings and facilities. There are excellent beaches nearby.

The summers are hot and dry, and the winters cool and wet.




State: New South Wales

Population: 4.2 million

Top tertiary institutions: University of Sydney, University of New South Wales, Macquarie University, University of Western Sydney

Sydney is Australia’s largest city (although Melbourne is close behind) and it really does have it all: stunning beaches, mountains and bush not too far away, multiculturalism, top-class arts and music… It’s no wonder that around 70% of Nepali students head to Sydney. Because it is such a large city, every neighbourhood is different. You can live right by the beach or almost in the Blue Mountains.

 Sydney’s climate is coastal, so it can be wet and humid. Summers are hot and humid, and winters cool and damp (but not cold).